Hamburg has enjoyed several illustrious periods of theater activity, the first and foremost of which was the formation there in 1765 of the first "national" theater in Germany. The attempt in that year to establish a troupe on a permanent basis, supported by the independent resources of businessmen instead of a court, initially failed. Still, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing's Hamburg Dramaturgy testified to the importance of that effort even though it failed. Friedrich Ludwig Schröder reestablished a permanent company in 1774 and led it to unprecedented heights, comparable to the renown Johann Wolfgang Goethe enjoyed in Weimar. In 1827 the city council built a new Hamburg City Theater, based on plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, with a troupe that included Emil Devrient and Christine Enghaus. In the aftermath of the Great Fire of 1842, the Thalia Theater was founded, and in 1874 the City Theater was refurbished. Several small theaters arose in the latter half of the 19th century, though none could compare with the splendid new Deutsches Schauspielhaus built in 1900. Designed by the firm of Fellner and Hellmer, this granite-clad structure bespoke Hamburg's rapidly expanding wealth and prominence in the German Reich. In 1912 the Thalia Theater was rebuilt.
   In World War II, all of Hamburg's theaters were either destroyed or severely damaged—yet within a decade of the war's conclusion, all of them had been rebuilt and several more added to an already bustling theater culture. The appointment of Gustaf Gründgens as intendant of the Deutsches Schauspielhaus in 1955 was a significant juncture in Hamburg's renewal. His staging of Hamlet, with Maximilian Schell in the title role, was a high point in Hamburg's history during the 1950s, exceeded only by Gründgens himself as Archie Rice in Heinz Hilpert's 1957 German premiere of John Osborne's The Entertainer. Gründgens presented the world premieres of Carl Zuckmayer's The Cold Light in 1955 and Bertolt Brecht's St. Joan of the Stockyards in 1959. Perhaps surpassing them all was Gründgens's Mephisto in his staging of Faust, Part 1 at the Deutsches Schauspielhaus; Gründgens had actually created the production in Düsseldorf, but Hamburg gladly accepted it as a phenomenon in its midst, and thousands of Germans flocked to the city to witness what many observers regarded as the performance of a lifetime.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hamburg — Hamburg …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • HAMBURG — HAMBURG, city and state in Germany, including the cities of altona and wandsbek from 1937. The Sephardi Community The first Jews to settle in Hamburg were Portuguese and Spanish Marranos, who arrived via the Netherlands at the end of the 16th… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hamburg — • A city supposed to be identical with the Marionis of Ptolemy, was founded by a colony of fishermen from Lower Saxony Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hamburg     Hamburg      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hamburg — Hamburg, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 3039 Housing Units (2000): 1264 Land area (2000): 3.413186 sq. miles (8.840112 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.413186 sq. miles (8.840112 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hamburg [2] — Hamburg (hierzu der Stadtplan »Hamburg Altona« mit Registerblatt und die Tafel »Hamburger Bauten I u. II«), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Freistaates (s. oben), nimmt der Einwohnerzahl nach unter den Städten Europas die neunte Stelle, unter denen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hamburg 1 — Senderlogo Allgemeine Informationen Empfang: Kabel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hamburg ’75 — Kompilationsalbum von verschiedenen Interpreten Veröffentlichung 1995 Aufnahme 1973 bis 1981 Label …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hamburg — Ham burg ( b[^u]rg), n. A commercial city of Germany, near the mouth of the Elbe. [1913 Webster] {Black Hamburg grape}. See under {Black}. {Hamburg edging}, a kind of embroidered work done by machinery on cambric or muslin; used for trimming.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hamburg [1] — Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt H.; hierzu die Karte »Umgebung von Hamburg«), Bundesstaat des Deutschen Reiches, an der untern Elbe, wird von den preußischen Provinzen Schleswig Holstein und Hannover begrenzt. Das Staatsgebiet ist 415 qkm (7,58… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hamburg [2] — Hamburg (Gesch.). H. kommt bes. seit Karl dem Großen als Fischerdorf vor, wo bereits ein Castell u. eine Kirche vorhanden waren, es wurde aber oft von Normannen u. Slawen heimgesucht. Den von Karl dem Großen gemachten Plan, hier ein Bisthum zu… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”